It is also known as the holy basil or the scientific name is Ocimum sanctum. Tulsi is a common name in the Indian households. this plant is easy to grow and is widely found in the Indian subcontinent. It is also present in the tropical regions of the Southeast Asian countries. This plant is very famous for its effects in the Ayurvedic Medical Science.
Itis present in two varieties:-
Lakshmi Tulsi (green colored)
Krishna Tulsi (purple-hued)
Tulsi plant is worshipped and is offered to the gods and is grown mainly in Hindu households.
Some of the benefits of Tulsi plants are in the treatment of several disorders such as:-
COMPOSITION OF TULSI LEAVES:-
Vitamin C & A
HEALTH BENEFITS OF TULSI:-
Tulsi for weight loss promotes the loss of belly fat and all over body fat.
It contains antibiotic, germicidal, fungicidal, and disinfectant properties and protects the body from bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. Fever is mainly caused due to the infections from protozoa, bacteria, viruses, and allergic substances and fungus. Fever is a symptom which shows that the body is fighting infections. Tulsi destroys the pathogens and cures fever.
Tulsi also provides relief against congestion because of the presence of components such as camphene, eugenol, and cineole as essential oils. It helps in curing all the respiratory disorders including bronchitis (chronic and acute).
Tulsi is beneficial in treating asthma as it relieves congestion and promotes smoother breathing. The phytonutrients and essential oils present in it along with the minerals, help cure the underlying causes and factors of asthma.
Vitamin C, camphene, eugenol, and cineole present in tulsi cures the congestion of the lungs. They are also effective in healing the damages caused to the lungs because of smoking, tuberculosis, and also prevents lung cancer. It also helps cure tuberculosis as it contains antibiotic properties.
Holy Basil contains vitamin C in it and other antioxidants like eugenol, which help protect the heart from the dangerous effects of the free radicals. Eugenol is also beneficial in the reduction of the cholesterol levels in the blood.
Vitamin C and the presence of other antioxidants in the Holy Basil minimize the stress caused due to the free radicals that act as an oxidant. They also soothe the nerves, lowers the blood pressure, decrease inflammation, and thus reduce stress. Potassium present in it reduces blood pressure-related stress as it replaces sodium and loosens the stressed blood vessels.
It acts as an excellent mouth freshener and as an oral disinfectant. It provides freshness in the mouth that lasts for a long time. Holy Basil destroys around 99% of the germs and bacteria present in the mouth and this effect last all day. It helps cure ulcers in the mouth as well. It inhibits the growth of oral/mouth cancer which is caused because of chewing tobacco.
It destroys the bacteria that lead to dental cavities, plaque, tartar, and bad breath and also protects the teeth. Tulsi has astringent properties which make the gums stronger and hold the teeth tighter, thus preventing the teeth from falling off. It contains compounds such as mercury, which possesses germicidal properties that might be harmful to the teeth if it is kept in direct contact for a long time, so avoid chewing these leaves.
Tulsi is a detoxifier and acts as a mild diuretic which reduces the uric acid level of the body, which is the main reason and factors responsible for the formation of the kidney stones. It also cleans the kidneys through the increased frequency of urination. Acetic acid and other components of Tulsi facilitate the dissolution of these stones. It also has pain-killer effects and helps to tolerate the pain caused due to kidney stones.
Consumption of tulsi leaves keeps the skin free from all types of infections. Rubbing of the holy basil leaves or the extracted oil on the body help keep mosquitoes and other insects away. It also cures skin disorders both internally and externally without having any side effects. This property is due to the essential oils, which are antibiotic, disinfectant, antibacterial, and antifungal. Th topical application help remove the oil from the skin surface. Camphene provides a soothing and cooling effect to the skin.
A headache due to a migraine, sinus pressure, cough or cold, and high blood pressure can be easily controlled by the consumption of Tulsi leaves. Camphene, eugenol, cineol, carvacrol, and methyl-chavicol, possesses analgesic, sedative, anti-congestive, and disinfectant properties.
Vitamin A & C, phytonutrients, and essential oils act as an antioxidant and protect the body from all the damages caused due to free radicals in the body, which can lead to various harmful diseases, including cancer. In the Ayurvedic System of Medicine, Tulsi is used as a tonic to retain youthful vigor and prevent premature aging.
Holy Basil is good for boosting the immune system. It protects the body from all the infections such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. It also inhibits the growth of HIV and carcinogenic cells in the body.
Washin the eyes daily with basil leaves soaked water can provide relief from eye problems such as conjunctivitis, boils, and other disorders of the eyes, caused due to viral, bacterial, and fungal infections. It also helps soothe the eye inflammation and decreases stress. Regular consumption protects the eyes from the damage of the free radicals, like cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, vision disorders, and ophthalmia. This is because of the antioxidant content of it and Vitamin A & C.
COX-2 is a molecule, targeted by the anti-inflammatory medicines. Tulsi or Holy Basil is a natural COX-2 inhibitor. An extract of the leaves and stems of the Tulsi yields eugenol, cirsilineol, cirsimaritin, isothymusin, isothymonin, apigenin, and rosmarinic acid.
Maintains Diabetes and Blood Sugar Imbalance
In Type-2 diabetic patients, tulsi lowered the fasting blood sugar levels by around 17.6% and the post-meal blood sugar levels by around 7.3%.
Protection Against Radiation
The 2 flavonoids present in tulsi, i.e., orientin and vicenin, protect the human blood cells from the radiation-induced DNA damage.
Accelerates Bone Healing
A tulsi extract reduces the healing time after a fracture. Tulsi increasethecalcium uptake, bone calcification, and the uptake of enzymes that are involved in the bone remodeling, like alkaline phosphatase.
Boosts Testosterone Levels
Tulsi leaves increases the testosterone levels in the body if consumed daily for around 30 days.
The fatty oil extracted from the seeds contains antihistamine effects. Tulsi seed oil inhibits the histamine release from the mast cells.
Tulsi increases the catalase levels in the body, an enzyme that helps break down of hydrogen peroxide and thus prevents the hair from graying.