These are the oldest edible nuts and are used all over the world. They are mainly found in Asia, mainly in Iran and Iraq. They were cultivated in Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Pistachios are also produced in many countries such as the US, Australia, Turkey, and China. They belong to the Anacardiaceae family from the genus Pistacia. (Health Benefits of Pistachios)
A pistachio tree takes around 10-12 years to produce the first of its crop. They are drupe and the fruit consists of a large seed in the center. This seed is the edible part. The nuts of the pistachio are not seasonal and are available throughout the year. They are available at any grocery store.
Pistachios are available in forms like shelled, unshelled, sweetened and even salted. The shell of the nut protects the seed from physical damage and infections. Salted and sweetened pistachios may not be a good choice because they contain high sugar and sodium content. The best way is to buy unshelled nuts, as they are available in their natural form. They must be stored in air-tight containers in cool and dry places, so as to last them for many months.
Pistachios contain nutrients like:-
- Amino acids
- Dietary fiber
It is rich in minerals like:-
Some of the essential vitamins present in it are:-
- Vitamin A, K, C, E, B-6
- Pantothenic acid
They are also a good source of substances like mono-unsaturated fatty acids like oleic acid and antioxidants.
PISTACHIO NUTS BENEFITS-HEALTH BENEFITS OF PISTACHIOS:-
One of the main health benefits is that they are heart friendly nuts. Regular consumption of pistachio help decrease the levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) in the body. The antioxidants, phytosterols, and unsaturated fatty acids present in it are beneficial for a healthy heart.
They are the first choice of people who are on dieting. Pistachios are low in calories and are high in protein, low saturated fat, and high content of unsaturated fats. They are useful for proper weight management.
Prevents Macular Disease or AMD
They are rich in carotenoid antioxidants like lutein and zeaxanthin. These antioxidants help in lowering the risk of contracting an age-related macular disease. They can be consumed and included in the diet along with vegetable for an increased supply of both the anti-oxidants, ie., lutein, and zeaxanthin.
Eliminates Skin Dryness
Pistachios help in eliminating dryness from the skin. The saturated fat present in it plays a vital role in preventing dry skin. The fat present in pistachios acts as a good carrier or a base oil as it is used as an ingredient in some of the traditional therapies such as aromatherapy and massage therapy.
Pistachios are a good source of dietary fiber and help in the smooth digestion of food. Around 30 gms of pistachios contains around 3 gms of dietary fiber which is more than enough to get the digestive tracts working at their optimum capacity.
Pistachios influence the sexual vitality of men. The men that consume pistachios on daily basis in the quantity of about 100 gms for three weeks will have improved erectile function by about 50 percent. This enhancement was confirmed by ultrasound of the blood flow in the penis.
The shells of pistachios are also found to contain a significant amount of antioxidants. Antioxidants present in it neutralize the free radicals that form inside the body which are caused due to cellular metabolism and might lead to conditions such as cancer and heart diseases.
Defense Against Diabetes
Pistachios are beneficial for controlling diabetes and keeping the blood sugar level low. People suffering from diabetes, the sugars form unwanted bonds with proteins present in the body which makes them unusable. This process is called glycation. The antioxidants present in it reduce this process of glycation and thereby help in controlling diabetes.
Absorption of Iron
Pistachios contain a high amount of copper. This helps in the higher absorption of iron from the food we consume into the body. This help prevents and lowers the risk of conditions like anemia.