They are edible fungi with a scientific name “Agaricus”. These are Saprophytes (plants without chlorophyll), the organisms which survive by extracting nutrients from the dead and decaying plant and animal matter. They vary in their color, texture, shape, and properties. Some of the mushroom health benefits are described below.
MUSHROOM HEALTH BENEFITS:-
Below described are mushroom benefits for men and women.
Mushrooms are rich in lean proteins and have no cholesterol or fat and very low carbohydrates. The fiber and enzymes present in them lower the cholesterol levels. The lean protein content present in them burn cholesterol when they are digested. It prevents cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke.
Anemic patients are characterized by containing low levels of iron in the blood which result in fatigue, headache, decreased neural function, and some digestive problems. They are rich in iron which enhances the formation of red blood cells, thus preventing anemia.
Mushrooms prevent the development of breast and prostate cancer because of the presence of Beta-Glucans and Conjugated Linoleic Acid. Both of these contain anti-carcinogenic properties. Linoleic acid suppresses the harmful effects of estrogen. Increase in estrogen is the main cause of breast cancer in women after menopause. The Beta-Glucans inhibit the growth of cancerous cells in cases with prostate cancer.
Mushrooms have no fats and cholesterol and low levels of carbohydrates and high protein content. They are rich in water and fiber content. Mushrooms contain insulin and enzymes which help in the breaking down of sugar or starch in the food. They also contain compounds that enhance the proper functioning of the liver, pancreas and endocrine glands. Thus promoting the production of insulin and proper regulation in the body. The natural antibiotics present in them protect diabetics from painful and life-threatening infections.
Improve Bone Health
Mushrooms are a rich in calcium, which promotes the formation and strengthening of bones. Regular intake of calcium prevent conditions such as osteoporosis and reduce joint pain and lack of mobility due to bone degradation.
Increases Nutrient Absorption
Vitamin D present in mushrooms promotes the absorption and metabolism of calcium & phosphorous. These minerals are present in rich quantities in mushroom which is beneficial for the body.
Boost Immune System
Ergothioneine (an antioxidant) is present in mushrooms. It protects the body from the free radicals and also boosts the immune system. It also helps eliminate free radicals, which are harmful compounds released during the metabolic processes, and can cause damage and diseases.
Mushrooms contain some natural antibiotics, which inhibit microbial growth and fungal infections. They also heal ulcers and ulcerous wounds and prevent them from developing infections. The combination of Vitamin A, B-Complex, and C strengthens the immune system.
Lower Blood Pressure
Potassium acts as a vasodilator and relaxes tension in the blood vessels and reduce blood pressure. High blood pressure might cause conditions such as heart attacks and strokes. Potassium increases cognitive function because an increase in the blood and oxygen flow to the brain enhances the neural activity. Intake of potassium in high quantity improves the memory and knowledge retention.
Increase Iron Absorption
Copper is present in a good amount of mushrooms. It regulates and stimulates the absorption of iron. Mushrooms also contain high levels of iron, so the two minerals together promote healthy bones and preventing anemia.
Rich in Selenium
The main source of selenium is animal proteins. Mushrooms are the best for vegetarians to obtain the required amount of selenium. Selenium is present in large quantities in mushrooms and promotes bone health by adding to the bone strength and increase the durability. It also provides strength to the teeth, hair, and nails. Selenium is a powerful antioxidant, which inhibits free radicals and strengthens the immune system.
Most of the fats are burnt due to the digest proteins present in the food. Lot of digestive protein combined with low carbohydrate, no fat or cholesterol, and a good quantity of fiber, promotes weight loss. Mushrooms are rich in their nutrient density and are useful for fast weight loss.
MUSHROOM SIDE EFFECTS:-
Most of the species of mushrooms are not edible and are highly poisonous and look similar to their edible species. They have the ability to absorb the material that they grow on, no matter it is good or bad. Most of the mushrooms, when picked up in the wild, contain heavy metals, which are toxic.
A single poisonous mushroom can cause effects such as:-
Many species of mushrooms can prove to be fatal if intaken. Always avoid eating discolored mushrooms or those which are different in color than the accepted color of their species.