- It is the uncontrolled growth of the abnormal or unwanted cells in a body.
- There are around 200 types of cancer.
- Some of the general categories of some cancer-causing agents are exposed to the chemical or toxic compound, exposures, some ionizing radiation, pathogens, and human genetics.
- The main tests to screen and diagnose cancer is the examination of a biopsy sample of the suspected cancer tissue.
- Treatment protocols as per the type and stage of cancer. The cancer treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
- Breast cancer:- Cancer that is formed in the breast cells.
- Prostate Cancer:- Cancer formed in a man’s prostate, a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid.
- Basal Cell Cancer:- Skin cancer that starts in the basal cells.
- Melanoma:- The most severe type of skin cancer.
- Colon Cancer:- Cancer caused in the colon or rectum, which is located at the lower end of the digestive tract.
- Lung Cancer:- Cancer that starts in the lungs and occurs mainly in the people who smoke.
- Leukemia:- Cancer of the blood-forming tissues, while hinders the body’s ability to fight infection.
- Lymphoma:- Cancer of the lymphatic system.
Various causes of cancer are as follows:-
- Inherited genetic defects, i.e., BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations
- Environmental factors such as air pollution
- Lifestyle choices like smoking and heavy consumption of alcohol.
The following are the major causes of cancer:-
- Chemical or Toxic Compound exposures:- Compounds like benzene, asbestos, nickel, cadmium, tobacco, vinyl chloride, benzidine, aflatoxin, and N- nitrosamines.
- Ionizing radiation:- These includes uranium, radon, UV rays of the sun, radiation from the alpha, beta, gamma, and X-rays.
- Pathogens:- Human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), Hepatitis Virus B & C, Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), Merkel cell polyomavirus, Schistosoma, and Helicobacter pylori and other various bacterias.
- Genetics:- Most of the types of cancers are linked to the human genes.
The main sign and symptoms of cancer are as follows:-
- Change in the bowel or bladder habits
- A sore throat
- Unusual bleeding
- Thickening or a lump in the breast, testicles, or somewhere in the body
- Indigestion or difficulty swallowing
- Change in the size, color, shape, or thickness of a wart or a mole
- A cough or hoarseness.
- Unwanted loss of weight or loss of appetite
- Regular fatigue, nausea, and vomiting.
- Regular fever
- Recurring infections
- Hair loss
- Immune system depression
YOGA FOR CANCER PREVENTION:-
These yoga poses have been proved effective by the yoga and cancer research centers.
Half Sun Salutation
The pose warms up the body and opens up the hips and also improves circulation.
Method:- Stand straight with the legs closed. Press the palms together as if in a prayer and ensure the shoulders are down and back. Look ahead and chin straight. Now, inhale deeply and raise the pressed arms above the head. Feel the stretch and on exhaling, bend to bring the palms towards the feet. One can also bend the knees if desired. Touch the fingertips with the toes, while keeping the back straight. Inhale and return to the standing position. Now, repeat this pose as many times as desired.
Reclining Butterfly Pose
The pose relieves the tension in the shoulders and the chest. It is mainly effective for breast cancer recovery.
Method:- Sit down comfortably with a soft cushion behind. Bring the feet together, while the knees are bent. Allow the knees to fall away from the hips and let gravity pull the knees down. Now, slowly lean back while exhaling. Now, let the lower back supported on the cushions behind and bring the upper back towards the floor. Support the head with another cushion if required. Rest the arms on the floor and the palms facing up. Breathe deeply in this pose for around 15-20 minutes.
Legs Up The Wall
This pose rejuvenates the mind and also improves the blood circulation in the body.
Method:- It is a very simple pose where a person lies on the back with the legs propped up against a wall. Make a 90-degree angle with the body with the legs resting flat on the wall. Place a cushion beneath the lower back for comfort. Concentrate on the breathing for around 20 minutes.
This pose improves the flexibility of the back and also revitalized the body.
Method:- Start the pose on the hands and knees, i.e., on all fours. Exhale and curve the spine outwards. Look up during this posture. Inhale and curve the back inwards. Now, face downwards and repeat the movements as frequently as possible.
Method:- Lie down on the floor on the back. Place the hands on the side and the palms up. Now, slowly relax every part of the body. Concentrate on every part while a person feels lighter. Breathe in deeply and steadily. Now, retain the posture until there is a complete relaxation of the body.