Many physicians have misconceptions about e-cigarettes

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Many physicians incorrectly consider all tobacco merchandise are equally dangerous and thus are much less more likely to suggest e-cigarettes for individuals in search of to stop smoking or these being handled for a tobacco-caused illness, in line with a Rutgers research.

About 480,000 people die every year in america from smoking tobacco. Though the Meals and Drug Administration has not approved e-cigarettes as a cessation device, many individuals ask their physicians about utilizing them as a substitute for tobacco cigarettes or as a manner to assist them quit smoking. E-cigarettes use a heated liquid containing nicotine.

“Because the proof grows displaying e-cigarettes as probably efficient for smoking cessation, they might play a pivotal function in lowering use of cigarettes and subsequently tobacco-caused illness,” mentioned research creator Michael Steinberg, medical director of the Rutgers Tobacco Dependence Program on the Middle for Tobacco Research and division chief within the Division of Drugs on the Rutgers Robert Wooden Johnson Medical Faculty. “It is essential to know physicians’ views on e-cigarettes as a way for hurt discount.”

The research, revealed in JAMA Community Open, requested 2,058 U.S. physicians in 2018 and once more in 2019 about their communication with sufferers about e-cigarettes. The researchers requested how they might advise two totally different sufferers who wished to stop smoking: a younger girl who’s a lighter smoker and had not but tried to stop and an older man who smoked closely and had tried to stop many occasions utilizing totally different strategies.

The research discovered that physicians have been considerably extra more likely to suggest e-cigarettes for the heavy smoker whereas recommending FDA-approved medicines, like nicotine gum or lozenges, for the sunshine smoker. Practically 70 p.c of the physicians reported that sufferers have requested them about e-cigarettes, and one-third mentioned they have been requested prior to now 30 days. Greater than 60 p.c of the docs incorrectly believed that every one tobacco merchandise are equally dangerous.

“These findings present it’s crucial to handle physicians’ misperceptions and educate them on e-cigarettes’ efficacy, notably correcting their misperceptions that every one tobacco merchandise are equally dangerous, versus the truth that combusted tobacco is by far probably the most harmful,” mentioned lead creator Cristine Delnevo, director of the Rutgers Middle for Tobacco Research and professor of Well being Habits, Society and Coverage within the Rutgers Faculty of Public Well being.

The research additionally discovered that pulmonologists, cardiologists and physicians who used the U.S. Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guidelines for treating tobacco use and dependence have been extra more likely to suggest e-cigarettes to sufferers as have been those that endorsed a harm-reduction perspective and had themselves smoked cigarettes. Physicians have been additionally extra more likely to suggest e-cigarettes, nevertheless, if a affected person requested about them first.

Different Rutgers authors within the research included Michelle Jeong, Arjun Teotia, Michelle M. Bover Manderski, Binu Singh, Mary Hrywna and Olivia A. Wackowski.

Most e-cigarette customers wish to stop, research finds

Extra info:
Communication Between US Physicians and Sufferers Concerning Digital Cigarette Use, JAMA Community Open (2022). DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.6692

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Rutgers College

Many physicians have misconceptions about e-cigarettes (2022, April 15)
retrieved 15 April 2022

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