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Nvidia RTX 40-series graphics cards: Everything we know

Nvidia hasn’t launched any details about its upcoming RTX 40-series graphics playing cards, however one factor’s for certain — Nvidia will launch next-generation GPUs sooner or later. To get you in control, we rounded up all the rumblings across the digital water cooler about RTX 40-series graphics playing cards, after they’re coming, and the way they’ll carry out.

Earlier than diving in, it’s necessary to notice that Nvidia hasn’t introduced something about RTX 40-series playing cards, in any other case generally known as Lovelace. The corporate hasn’t even confirmed that they exist. All the info beneath is predicated on rumors, leaks, and hypothesis. We even have earlier launches to check to, so we solely included rumors that appear probably primarily based on earlier launches.

Pricing and availability

Leaker Greymon55 says that next-gen GPUs will arrive in October 2022. That features RTX 40-series and AMD’s upcoming RDNA 3 graphics playing cards. Though Nvidia hasn’t confirmed something, September or October of 2022 is sensible for the upcoming vary. RTX 30-series playing cards launched in September 2020, and RTX 20-series playing cards launched in September 2018.

Subsequent-gen gpu might be in October subsequent yr, a few yr from now.

— Greymon55 (@greymon55) September 7, 2021

Even when October is the fallacious month, all indicators level to a launch within the second half of 2022. Nvidia has maintained a launch cadence of two years for the previous a number of generations. It’s protected to imagine we’ll see the playing cards this yr, probably with an announcement in September and a launch in October.

Additionally, Nvidia can also be anticipated to launch an inter-generational replace in early 2022. The RTX 30-series Tremendous graphics card is rumored to launch within the first few months of the yr, with a attainable announcement coming at CES 2022. That’s nonetheless solely a rumor, in fact.

As for the worth of the RTX 40-series, we don’t know proper now. Nvidia stored its pricing the identical transferring from the RTX 20-series to the RTX 30-series. Right here’s the place the present lineup stands proper now:

  • RTX 3090: $1,499
  • RTX 3080 Ti: $1,199
  • RTX 3080: $699
  • RTX 3070 Ti: $599
  • RTX 3070: $499
  • RTX 3060 Ti: $399
  • RTX 3060: $329

We might see the identical costs this time round, although we’d see a slight improve. Going from the GTX 1080 to the RTX 2080, Nvidia bumped the worth by $100. Given the place GPU costs are proper now, the urged worth doesn’t imply a lot. Hopefully that isn’t the case when RTX 40-series playing cards launch.

Structure

Nvidia RTX 3070 Founders Edition graphics card.

The identical leaker who pushed the discharge date additionally stated that RTX 40-series graphics playing cards might be constructed on chipmaker TSMC’s N5 node. This builds on earlier rumors that Nvidia will use a 5nm node, which is sensible. At the moment, RTX 30-series graphics playing cards use Samsung’s 8nm course of, and AMD’s RX 6000 cards use TSMC 7nm process.

A report from DigiTimes further confirmed this rumor, citing industry sources saying that Nvidia will partner with TSMC and use its N5 node. Although Nvidia hasn’t confirmed anything, all signs point to Nvidia using TSMC as its manufacturing partner for the next generation.

A smaller manufacturing process means Nvidia is able to squeeze more cores on the same GPU die. The rumor mill suggests that the new die will be able to house 18,432 CUDA cores, which is nearly 8,000 more than the RTX 3090 has. That’s a massive jump, suggesting that RTX 40-series cards could see the same performance improvement as RTX 30-series ones.

There are a few caveats to that, however, which we’ll dig into in the upcoming sections. Based on rumors, TSMC’s N5 node seems likely, but it’s possible that the cards could use the N5P node, as well. This is an enhanced version of the 5nm process. Instead of straight jumps down, TSMC uses enhanced processes between each step, so 7nm goes straight to 5nm with an enhanced process in between, and so on.

Nvidia GPU core.
Niels Broekhuijsen/RegularFeed

Nvidia is rumored to use a monolithic design for RTX 40-series cards, while AMD’s upcoming cards are rumored to use a multi-chip-module (MCM). Nvidia will reportedly move to an MCM design with its Hopper graphics cards, which are slated to launch after Lovelace, according to rumors.

We haven’t heard anything about ray tracing or Tensor cores, but it’s safe to assume they’ll show up on Lovelace. The RT cores handle real-time ray tracing, while the Tensor cores are responsible for the AI calculations required for Nvidia’s Deep Learning Super Sampling (DLSS). These are tentpole features of Nvidia graphics cards, so we expect them to show up on RTX 40-series cards.

Performance

RTX 40-series cards are at least a few months away, so we don’t know a lot about performance still. Given the rumored core count, a card with the full die could offer as much as a 76% increase over the RTX 3090. That’s just theoretical performance, though. Multiple other factors apply, so don’t expect a 76% uplift in the real world.

One thing is for sure, we will get a huge performance improvement, including power consumption. Maybe we can get 100tflops fp32 in a single card.

— kopite7kimi (@kopite7kimi) May 22, 2021

Leaker Kopite7kimi, who has develop into a dependable supply for GPU leaks, speculated that playing cards could possibly be able to as much as 100 teraflops of FP32 compute energy. It’s necessary to reiterate that this quantity is solely hypothesis. The leaker wasn’t making the declare primarily based on info they’d accessible.

One other leaker, Greymon55, backs up the claims, although. The leaker says that RTX 40-series playing cards will include as much as double the efficiency of RTX 30-series playing cards. That comes at a price, although, with essentially the most power-hungry playing cards rumored to require as much as 500W.

General, rumors counsel a 2.2x improve over the present GPU core. Nonetheless, it’s too quickly to say. Even when the design is finalized proper now, Nvidia nonetheless must tweak drivers and optimize the playing cards to run the most recent video games. We don’t know the place efficiency might be when the playing cards launch, however the rumor circuit means that it could possibly be an enormous enchancment.

Energy

Someone screwing in a power supply.

A big increase in efficiency typically comes with a rise in energy calls for. And rumors counsel RTX 40-series playing cards could possibly be more power hungry than any previous Nvidia release. Various leakers have confirmed that the cards will require a lot of power, though the exact number is still up in the air.

400W seems like the minimum for the most powerful card, though some leakers suggest it could require as much as 500W. In fact, popular YouTuber Moore’s Law is Dead believes the RTX 4090 could even demand 600W of power — and that’s just the reference card, so third-party offerings could raise the bar further. For context, the RTX 3090 requires 350W of power, and Nvidia recommends at least a 750W PSU. That’s the bare minimum recommendation, so you should realistically have an 800W or higher power supply for the RTX 3090.

If the top 40-series card pushes toward 500W or 600W, you’ll likely need a 1000W power supply or higher. Nvidia pushed past the 250W ceiling with its RTX 30-series graphics cards. Previously, even the most powerful consumer cards stayed under 250W. The RTX 3080, RTX 3080 Ti, and RTX 3090 all require above 300W, while the RTX 3090 Ti can demand 450W. With the RTX 4090’s rumored 600W power draw marking a 33% increase over the RTX 3090 Ti, it suggests Nvidia isn’t too concerned with power limits for its high-end models.

Nvidia hasn’t confirmed anything, and it’s possible that power draw could drop when the design is finalized. Still, it looks like builders may need to invest in a new power supply for a high-end card for the upcoming generation.

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